~TODAY IN HISTORY~
On June 4, 1783, The Montgolfier brothers first publicly demonstrated their hot-air balloon, which did not carry any passengers, over Annonay, France.
In 1912, the Louisiana Territory was renamed the Missouri Territory, to avoid confusion with the recently admitted state of Louisiana.
The House of Representatives approved, 79-49, a declaration of war against Britain.
In 1917, the first Pulitzer Prizes were awarded. Herbert Bayard Swope of the New York World was recognized for a series of articles, “Inside the German Empire”; the new York Tribune for an editorial on the one-year anniversary of the sinking of the Lusitania; Jean Jules Jusserant for his book “With Americans of Past and Present Days”; Laura E. Richards, Maude Howe Elliott and Florence Howe Hall for their biography about Julia Ward Howe.
In 1937, one of the first, if not the first, shopping carts was introduced by supermarket chain owner Sylvan Goldman in Oklahoma City.
In 1940, during World War II, the Allied military evacuation of some 338,000 troops from Dunkirk, France, ended. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill declared: “We shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender.”
In 1942, the World War II Battle of Midway began, resulting in a decisive American victory against Japan marking the turning point in the war in the Pacific.
In 1947, the Christmastime tale “Miracle on 34th Street,” a 20th Century Fox production, opened in New York.
In 1967, in the second air disaster to strike a British carrier in as many days, a British Midland Airways jetliner crashed in Stockport, England, killing 72 of the 84 people aboard.
In 1977, the VHS home video-cassette recorder was introduced to North America by JVC during a press conference in Chicago.
In 1992, the U. S. Postal Service announced the results of a nationwide vote on the Elvis Presley stamp, saying more people preferred the “younger Elvis” design.